Disc bulges and herniations can be a chronic and debilitating problem.

Understanding the Structure

The spine consists predominantly of spinal vertebrae (bones), intervertebral discs and your spinal cord. Your spinal discs are a soft, spongy type material that is located in between each vertebra. The disc is made of 2 areas: the jelly-like inner layer (called the nucleus pulposus) and the rubbery outer layer (called annulus fibrosus). 

What is a Disc Bulge? What is a Disc Herniation?

Disc bulges and herniations can happen anywhere within the spine, most commonly occurring in the low back. 

  1. Disc Bulge – Occurs when the outer layer of the disc weakens and causes the disc to bubble or “bulge” outwards. This has the potential to cause compression to your spinal nerves – often the sciatic nerve.
  2. Disc Herniation – Occurs when the outer layer of the disc ruptures and the inner layer (nucleus pulposus) protrudes outwards. This also has the potential to cause compression to your spinal nerves – often the sciatic nerve.

What Causes Disc Bulges/Herniations?

  1. Sudden Trauma – falls, lifting, car accidents
  2. Repetitive Trauma – types of work activities, sports
  3. Degenerative Disc Disease – an age related condition
  4. Poor posture – abnormal curves of your spine can increase chances of disc injury

Can Chiropractic Care Help?

Chiropractic is a natural and non-invasive treatment for disc injuries and is preferred by many patients over other treatment methods. Once an accurate diagnosis is made, our chiropractor will give you an individualised management plan to help you get back to your healthy best!

1. Santilli, V., Beghi, E. and Finucci, S. (2006). Chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of acute back pain and sciatica with disc protrusion: a randomized double-blind clinical trial of active and simulated spinal manipulations. The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society, [online] 6(2), pp.131–7. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16517383.

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